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Please re-enter recipient e-mail address es. Heuman eds. The religious connection to the millennium, and the association of nonreligious millenarian movements with a belief in the end of the world, is a powerful initial uniting idea and force. FREE Shipping. How to cite this article If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.
Subjects Brazil -- History -- Contestado Insurrection, Contestado Rebellion, which pitted some 25, millenarian rebels against two-thirds of the Brazilian army 7, men between and March , was the last of three great millenarian movements along with rebellions at Canudos and Juazeiro that shook Brazil at the turn of this century. An army scorched-earth campaign eventually starved the rebels into submission.
Rapid socioeconomic change at the beginning of the twentieth century prompted the rebellion. Before that time small-scale cattle ranching dominated the Contestado economy. Landowners secured their large, undefined holdings via usufruct land grants to Agregados combination ranch hands and sharecroppers. An unequal, yet reciprocal, relationship developed between landowners and agregados , one maintained not only by material exchanges but also by the establishment of ritual kinship ties between the landowner, the agregado , and the latter's family.
But turn-of-the-century colonization projects and railroad construction transformed life in the Contestado. Between and thousands of new European immigrants colonized lands donated by state governments. Published on.
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See more. Why did a millenarian movement erupt in the Brazilian interior in ? Setting out to answer this deceptively simple question, Todd A.
Diacon delivers a fascinating account of a culture in crisis. Combining oral history with detailed archival research, Millenarian Vision, Capitalist Reality depicts a peasant community whose security in economic, social, and religious relations was suddenly disrupted by the intrusion of international capital. Such a crisis, Diacon concludes, gave a special power to the millenarian vision that promised not only outward reform, but inner salvation as well. This work offers a significant contribution to the literature of millenarian movements, popular religion, peasant rebellions, and the transition to capitalism in Brazil.
He never returned.