Psychology Classics: Heredity, Environment, and The Question How?

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Nature versus nurture

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Personality Theory and Research: Suggested readings

Samsul Fajar Sayuti Amran rated it really liked it Sep 25, Anam rated it it was amazing Jun 13, Efe rated it liked it Jul 23, Mohit rated it did not like it Dec 07, Leanne rated it did not like it Jan 17, In my report, I 'm going to talk about how heredity, culture, and environment can all influence patient behavior in the medical office. Let 's first talk about the first one heredity that are the traits that we inherit from our parents and grandparents.

We get them from our parents of course. It will have an impact on what they do and don 't believe that work for them in terms of a medical solution.

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Each person is passed down from generation. A persons personality is based on both heredity and environment. Special attention given to a child is very needed. Influences on a child or person can be both positive or negative. An individuals environment and friends ethniticy are an important component of their positive or negative behavior. To answer this question one must first understand the difference between nature, nurture, environment, and heredity. Abstract This paper examines influences of heredity and hormones on human behavior and character.

It also discusses the function of the endocrine system, the organs and hormones that they secrete. Nonetheless, the paper looks at genetics and evolutionary psychology in light of transference of behavior from parents to off springs or one generation to another. As parents you do not play a role in this, according to Rousseau. This is probably also the reason why Rousseau sent his own children to an orphanage. Today, thanks to twins research, we know more and more about the nature-nurture issue. This type of research observes identical twins growing up separately, in different families and environments.

When identical twins that grow up separately from each other, differ from each other on a certain characteristic, this must be due to environmental factors. We then know that that characteristic is partly learned.

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Psychology Classics: Heredity, Environment, and The Question How? [Anne Anastasi, John P Foley, David Webb] on *FREE* shipping on. Psychology Classics book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. A Psychology ClassicOriginally presented by Anne.

Through this kind of research it is now generally known to what extent heredity and environment influence personality. For the rest these characteristics are formed by influences from the environment, such as parents, school, friends, and etcetera. Besides influences from the immediate environment such as education and school, the culture in which you grow up also influences the development of your personality.

The distinction between individualistic and collectivistic culture is particularly important. In individualistic cultures, such as the US and European countries, the emphasis is on the development of the individual.

Psychology 101: Heredity and Genetics

In collectivist cultures, such as Indonesia and Panama, much value is attached to the group interest. Individualist cultures stimulate the development of qualities such as self-confidence, independence and assertiveness; in collectivist cultures this is particularly true of qualities such as friendliness, modesty and loyalty. This may lead Europeans, for example, to believe that Japanese react shyly and submissive. Japanese, on the other hand, may find Europeans bold and selfish.

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Research 2 among bilingual people shows that cultural influences partly pass through language. The personality of bilingual people also depends on the language they speak. This study looked at Mexicans and Americans who speak both Spanish and English fluently.

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In general, Mexicans are less extroverted, a little less agreeable and less conscientious than Americans. Remarkably, if a bilingual Mexican or American speaks English, they reacted more extroverted, agreeable and conscientious than when they speak Spanish. It appears that by speaking another language, you also become someone else.

You adapt your personality to be more in line with the culture that belongs to the language you speak.

The Psychodynamic Perspective

Only madmen and children, as it were, say whatever they think, because only they really matter. Under this heading, Barker includes "variations in physique that affect the psychological situation of a person by influencing the effectiveness of his body as a tool for actions or by serving as a stimulus to himself or others" 6, p. Introduction During her lifetime, Anne Anastasi — was one of a small and highly revered group of experts on psychological testing and differential psychology. An example of such a study is provided by Searle's 31 follow-up of Tryon's research. Advocates of this point of view believe that all of our characteristics and behaviors are the result of evolution. They judge eight of these to be both genuinely independent definitions and potentially valuable scientific constructs Mameli and Bateson , p. The second major class of environmental factors—the behavioral as contrasted to the organic—are by definition direct influences.

The lexical hypothesis states that all personality traits have rooted in a given language. Over the course of time, people come up with words to describe personality traits and to talk about them.

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The lexical hypothesis therefore states that the more important a characteristic is considered, the more words synonyms will exist for it. By studying a language you can find out which traits matter most in a certain language area, often a country. Moreover, you can compare languages with each other.

You can then find out which traits are considered important in all language regions or countries , and which traits are seen as important in one language area but not so much in another. Researchers who take the lexical hypothesis as a starting point, are faced with a huge task. By means of dictionaries they have to try to group all words in a language that describe characteristics of people into clusters.

They then do this for multiple different languages.

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